A Persian carpet (Persian: فرش ايرانى farsh, meaning “to spread”) or Persian rug (Persian: قالی ايرانى qālī-ye īranī), also known as Iranian carpet, is a heavy textile, made for a wide variety of utilitarian and symbolic purposes, produced in Iran (historically known as Persia), for home use, local sale, and export. Carpet weaving is an essential part of Persian culture and Iranian art. Within the group of Oriental rugsproduced by the countries of the so-called “rug belt”, the Persian carpet stands out by the variety and elaborateness of its manifold designs.
Joshaghan rugs are crafted in the town of Joshaghan in central Iran. This small town was an important centre for rug-weaving for centuries due to it’s location on the path between Isfahan and Kashan until Tehran became an important city.
Joshaghan rugs are woven on cotton foundations with wool pile using Persian knots. Today, because of their high quality and limited production they are fairly expensive and considered to be good investments. Some of the high quality rugs from Joshaghan are sold under neighbouring towns and villages such as Maymeh. The design of Joshaghan rugs are generally made up with a diamond central medallion and all-over geometric floral motifs. The main colour is mostly either deep red or deep blue with lighter colours making up the borders and motifs.